Mind, Technology, and Society Talk Series

Speaker:
Sharon Inkelas
Professor, University of California, Berkeley
Time/Date: 3-4:30 p.m. Monday, November 2, 2015

Location:
Chancellor’s Conference Room, KL 232

Title:
The A-map model: Articulatory reliability in child-specific phonology

Abstract:

This talk, based on joint work with Tara McAllister Byun and Yvan Rose, addresses a phenomenon of longstanding interest: the existence of child-specific phonological patterns which are not attested in adult language. We propose a new theoretical approach, termed the A(rticulatory)-Map model, to account for the origin and elimination of child-specific phonological patterns. Due to the performance limitations imposed by structural and motor immaturity, children’s outputs differ from adult target forms in both systematic and sporadic ways. The computations of the child’s grammar are influenced by the distributional properties of motor-acoustic traces of previous productions, stored in episodic memory and indexed in the eponymous A-map. We propose that child phonological patterns are shaped by competition between two essential forces: the pressure to match adult productions of a given word (even if the attempt is likely to fail due to performance limitations), and the pressure to attempt a pronunciation that can be realized reliably (even if phonetically inaccurate). These forces are expressed in the grammar by two constraints that draw on the motor-acoustic detail stored in the A-map. These constraints are not child-specific, but remain present in the adult grammar, although their influence is greatly attenuated as a wide range of motor plans come to be realized with a similar degree of reliability. The A-map model thus not only offers an account of a problematic phenomenon in development, but also provides a mechanism to model motor- grammar interactions in adult speech, including in cases of acquired speech impairment.

Suggested reading:
McAllister Byun, Tara & Sharon Inkelas. 2014. “Child consonant harmony and phonologization of performance errors.”  In Hsin-Lun Huang, Ethan Poole, and Amanda Rysling (eds). Proceedings of NELS 43. Amherst: GLSA. 291-302.

Bio:
Sharon Inkelas is Professor of Linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley, where she has taught since 1992. She received the PhD in Linguistics from Stanford University in 1989. Her research focuses on the phonology-morphology interface, child phonology, and, most recently, subsegmental representations in phonology. Her most recent book, The Interplay of Morphology and Phonology, was published by Oxford University Press in 2014. Her website is http://linguistics.berkeley.edu/~inkelas/.